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# Logical Reasoning Tests

• 10 tests |
• 100 questions

Logical reasoning tests are a type of psychometric test used to measure your problem-solving skills. They come in various forms, but all have the underlying purpose of assessing your logical aptitude and your ability to draw conclusions from a given set of information.

## Free example logical reasoning questions

Below you’ll find example questions for the different types of logical reasoning test. Answers to each are given below the set of questions.

For further practice, check out our free logical reasoning test questions and answers.

### Deductive reasoning test

All footballers are fit and healthy.

All famous sports players are footballers.

Given that the above is true, which of the following is the logical deduction?

1. All footballers are famous sports people
2. All famous people are fit and healthy
3. All famous sports players are fit and healthy
4. All fit and healthy people are footballers
5. All football players are men

### Inductive reasoning test

How many triangles will be in the 6th shape?

• A) 10
• B) 12
• C) 14
• D) 16

### Diagrammatic reasoning test

In the grid, one box is missing. You must work out what rules are being applied in the other boxes in order to work out which of boxes A to F will complete the grid.

### Abstract reasoning test

Which of the boxes comes next in the sequence?

### Solutions

Deductive reasoning

Using deductive reasoning, the only logical answer is 3. To get to this answer, you need to simplify the given facts. All famous sports players are footballers, and all footballers are fit and healthy.

1. We can’t deduce that all footballers are famous sports people, as we haven’t got that information.
2. We can’t deduce that all famous people are fit and healthy, because the fact is about famous sports people.
3. This is the logical answer.
4. This information is not given; all footballers are fit and healthy but we can’t logically link that all fit and healthy people are footballers.
5. This is obviously incorrect, as gender is not mentioned at all in the question.

Inductive reasoning

The number of triangles is increasing by 2 as you move along the sequence. I you continue to add 2 until you reach the 6th shape you reach 14, so the answer is C).

Diagrammatic reasoning

In the question the key rule is that the number of ‘star’ shapes in the central column must always equal the number of double circle shapes.

✲ = ⌾

If there are no star shapes there should be no circle shapes. If there are three star shapes, there should be three circle shapes. Option F is the only one that abides by this rule.

Abstract reasoning

Please note: shapes are not in a set position within this sequence. It is merely the presence of the shapes that is important. 1. There are always two squares in the frame. 2. There are always two circles in the frame. 3. There is always one triangle in the frame. So the answer is D).

## Sample Logical Reasoning Tests question Test your knowledge!

Score: /6

Which of the boxes comes next in the sequence?

• A
• B
• C
• D
• E

If all roses are flowers and some flowers fade quickly, which statement must be true?

• Some flowers are roses.
• No roses are flowers.

What is the next logical step if when you press button A, light X turns on, and when you press button B, light Y turns on? Assuming button A is pressed and lights X and Y are currently on.

• Press button B to turn light X off.
• Press button A to turn light Y off.
• Press button A to turn light X off.
• Press button B to turn light Y off.

Choose the statement that best reflects an understanding of the given premises: Premise 1: All managers are employees. Premise 2: Some employees are interns.

• All managers are interns.
• Some managers are not employees.
• Some interns are not managers.
• No interns are managers.

On a team of four people, two people can write code and three can design UI. If one person has all these skills, how many people only have one of the skills?

• 1
• 2
• 3
• 4

In a new brand of cars, Model X has better mileage than Model Y. Model Z has worse mileage than Model Y but is cheaper than Model X. Which of the following statements is correct based on this information?

• Model Z is the cheapest and has the best mileage.
• Model X is cheaper than Model Y.
• Model X has better mileage than Model Z.
• Model Y is cheaper than both Model X and Model Z.
• Model Y has the worst mileage.

I’ve practiced hundreds of numerical questions and still have plenty more to try.

Ellen used Practice Aptitude Tests to prepare for her upcoming interview at HSBC.

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## Logical Reasoning Tests Tips

It’s vital you understand exactly what is being asked of you, so be sure to read every question thoroughly. There may well be distractors in the multiple-choice options; picking one of these because you’ve misinterpreted the question is a common error.

### 2Analyse the stimulus

In deductive or critical reasoning tests, it’s important to fully digest the stimulus before drawing your conclusion. Again, a simple misunderstanding can be the difference between scoring or missing out on a mark, so make sure you’re aware of all the evidence presented to you.

When working with abstract sequences or patterns, try to get an idea in your head of what the missing piece or next part of the sequence is likely to be, before you look at the multiple-choice options. This will help you zone in on the right response, rather than get distracted by irrelevant choices.

### 4Make notes

There may be several relationships in any given sequence, and in diagrammatic reasoning tests you’ll need to be aware of multiple processes. Make notes as you go through to keep track of your thought process. It will help you to work methodically and avoid confusion.

### 5Pay attention to pacing

You only have a set amount of time to work through all the questions, so be sure to pace yourself. Typically, problems become more complex as the test progresses, so aim to spend less time on questions at the start. Good pacing takes practice. You want to work quickly but not to the detriment of your accuracy.

### 6Don't panic

Logical reasoning tests can be a little daunting if you’re not used to them but remember, we apply logic everyday without even realising it. Stay calm and remind yourself that the steps you need to take are familiar to you, it’s just that the problem you’re solving is presented in an unfamiliar way.

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## How are logical reasoning tests scored?

Logical reasoning tests are scored comparatively. That is to say, you’ll receive one mark for each correct answer, and your total score will be compared to the average results of other test-takers. Different employers may assess your results in different ways. Some will look only at your raw score against an average benchmark, while others may also consider your pace.

## What are logical reasoning tests used for?

No matter the type of logical reasoning test used, you’re being assessed on your problem-solving and critical thinking skills. Employers are trying to determine if you have the required ability to interpret information, identify patterns and relationships, and draw solid conclusions. These are skills used on a daily basis in many job roles, so logical reasoning tests are widely used.

## How is logical thinking measured?

Logical reasoning tests give a good indication of your lateral thinking skills by measuring your ability to analyse and interpret information to make evidence-based decisions – be they inferences, assumptions or unquestionable conclusions.

## Why is logical reasoning important?

Logical reasoning is important in work-based environments because it is this skill set that allows you to work through many everyday business problems and come to the right resolution. Logical thinkers make decisions based on what they know to be true, rather than gut feeling; set achievable goals based on past performance; and approach complex problems in a systematic manner.

## Where can I practice logical reasoning tests?

You can find practice tests for all types of logical reasoning assessments on our website, along with detailed answer explanations and guides. You can also find practice tests online from individual publishers which will help you get to grips with specific formats and time constraints.

## Which employers use logical reasoning tests?

Logical reasoning tests are commonly used for managerial-level roles and above in many corporate job sectors, including law, investment banking and consultancy, as well as human resources, customer service and market research. It’s also likely you’ll be required to sit some form of logical reasoning test for acceptance onto a graduate scheme with many larger employers.

## Reviews of our Logical Reasoning tests

What our customers say about our Logical Reasoning tests

• June 11, 2024

#### i think the uniqueness of the shapes define the intelligence in the test.

at first it seemed quite complicated then i think the common sense says that natural intelligence can crack the test.

• India

January 17, 2024

#### It was a good test. Great variety of questions.

Some questions were too easy ,while some questions took a little longer to be solved. Overall the test was good. Considerations can be made to make the test a little more tough and challenging

• United States of America

December 24, 2023

#### Great service overall

Good question variety - the content of the test and the style differ slightly from the actual Korn Ferry test for which I am preparing.

• South Africa

October 23, 2023

#### Fun & challenging!

I enjoyed the variety that this test offered. I would have preferred instant, question-by-question feedback over feedback at the end.

• Philippines

October 14, 2023

#### The varying patterns of the figures in each box, and what could be the next chain in that pattern.

I like how the test contained fun and interesting questions that needed logical thinking. However, it is not as complex as one test I answered, so the website should give an option of difficulty in tests.

• Ghana

September 26, 2023

#### Interesting

I have difficulty identifying the sequence. Honestly, I am not very familiar with the test. Thank you.

• Sweden

September 15, 2023

#### Cool

I found some of the patterns challenging at first but I do love to solve these little puzzles and recognize the patterns within

• United States of America

September 10, 2023

#### Take one peice at a time

each task was a test to see if you could follow the pattern, some were difficult but it was a nice brain teaser.

• Germany

September 02, 2023