Logical Reasoning Tests

Logical Reasoning tests come in three forms: deductive, inductive and abstract. These types of tests do not present you with verbal or numerical information, but instead with logical patterns and shape sequences.

Logical Reasoning Tests

What are logical reasoning tests?

Logical reasoning tests use patterns, sequences and shapes to test a person’s logical ability. They can be broken down into 3 areas:

    • Deductive reasoning
    • Inductive reasoning
    • Abstract reasoning

What is deductive reasoning?

Deductive reasoning, often referred to as top-down logic, proceeds from general premises to a specific conclusion. These conclusions are always mathematically certain. Below is a famous example of deductive reasoning, by the Greek philosopher Aristotle:

All men are mortal

**Socrates is a man **

Therefore, Socrates is mortal

In this example, the premises of the argument – that all men are mortal and that Socrates is a man – are evidently true. Because the premises establish that Socrates is an individual in a group whose members are all mortal, the inescapable conclusion is that Socrates must likewise be mortal.

What is inductive reasoning?

Inductive reasoning, often referred to as bottom-up logic, proceeds from specific premises to a general conclusion. It is often used in applications that involve prediction, forecasting or behaviour. Below is example of inductive reasoning:

Every tornado I have ever seen in the United States rotated clockwise, and I have seen dozens of them

We see a tornado in the distance, and we are in the United States

I conclude, that the tornado we see right now must be rotating clockwise

In this instance, a meteorologist will tell you that in the United States (which lies in the northern hemisphere), most tornadoes rotate counter clockwise, but not all of them do. Therefore, the conclusion is probably true, but not necessarily so. With inductive reasoning, imperfection can exist. Inaccurate conclusions can occur and this is what can make them challenging.

What is abductive reasoning?

Abductive reasoning starts with an observation, or set of observations then seeks to find the simplest and most likely explanation for this. This process will help you to find a plausible conclusion, but does not positively verify it. These conclusions are, therefore, qualified as having an element of doubt or uncertainty. For example:

When it rains, the grass gets wet

Right now, the grass is wet

Therefore, it might have rained

This type of reasoning is often used in the scientific field, to develop a hypothesis that may or may not be accurate. It is the most difficult of the three, due to its ambiguous nature. In the above example, given the conditions and the rules, it is most likely that the grass is wet due to the rain. However, it may also be due to a random factor that the condition hasn’t been accounted for.

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How to prepare for logical reasoning tests?

As you can see from the above, these tests are not easy. We would recommend completing as many of our practice logical reasoning tests so that you are equipped to succeed at your assessment day. Our tests offer multiple practice tests and guidance on how to answer them so that you can get the hang of them quickly. It also offers quick tips and score reports.

Logical reasoning example questions

Q) Identify a quality that the two images have in common. Select which of the three suggested answers also possesses the same quality.


Answer: C There is always one more square than there are triangles

Q) Identify a quality that the two images have in common. Select which of the three suggested answers also possesses the same quality.


Answer: C The questions shapes are both quadrilaterals

I’ve practiced hundreds of numerical questions and still have plenty more to try.
Ellen used Practice Aptitude Tests to prepare for her upcoming interview at HSBC. Start your success story

Logical reasoning test tips

1One question = one minute rule

Make sure you understand how many questions you will have to answer and how long you have to complete the test. Usually, logical reasoning tests consist of 10 to 15 questions and don’t last longer than 15 - 20 minutes.

2Watch your timing

Don’t let one question to stop. Work out roughly how much time you have per question before you start each test. If it feels like going through hell, keep going!

3Practice in exam conditions

When you practice for your assessment, try to do so in the same conditions in which you will be sitting your real logical reasoning test. Try a quiet surrounding with a minimal distraction at a table. This will not only keep you more focused but also make silence less daunting while sitting your real assessment.

4Remember to research

Try to find out as much as possible about the assessment’s format the employer is going to tests you with. Employers typically provide that information to candidates on their careers websites.

5Answer the question

It might be obvious but the fact that we mention it means it is not. At least not always. Although there is only one correct answer, the questions may try to trick you. Stay calm and focused and be careful with identifying the patterns. Some of them might look suspiciously similar.

6Be competitive

Try to measure your achievements against other users in order to make sure you stand out in a crowd. The average results might help you to pass to next stage, but might not be enough to bag you that job. Practice makes perfect, particularly with logical reasoning tests which take some getting used to.

Diagrammatic reasoning video tutorials

Unfolded Shapes

1 min

Similar Shapes

1 min

Rotated Views

1 min

Mirror Images

2 mins

Input Type

2 mins


2 mins

Practice logical reasoning tests

There’s a reason they say practice makes perfect. That phrase holds true when it comes to logical reasoning tests. In fact, practice is perhaps even more important if you’re pretty new to these tests.

But don’t worry, we have all the tools you need to get started. Begin by trying some logical reasoning questions, viewing the explanations and seeing your scores improve.

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