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deductive reasoning tests

Deductive Reasoning Tests

  • 10 questions
deductive reasoning tests

A deductive reasoning test assesses your ability to use given information and make logical deductions. The test is not based on any previous knowledge or skills, and is usually presented as a number of word problems with multiple-choice answers.

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Deductive reasoning test formats and example questions

Knowing and understanding the format of the deductive reasoning test will make it less daunting when you have to take one in a job application situation.

The examples below demonstrate some of the deductive reasoning question types you might come across when you are taking a test.

Example Question 1

All footballers are fit and healthy.

All famous sports players are footballers.

Given that the above is true, which of the following is the logical deduction?

  1. All footballers are famous sports people
  2. All famous people are fit and healthy
  3. All famous sports players are fit and healthy
  4. All fit and healthy people are footballers
  5. All football players are men

Using deductive reasoning, the only logical answer is 3. To get to this answer, you need to simplify the given facts. All famous sports players are footballers, and all footballers are fit and healthy.

  1. We can’t deduce that all footballers are famous sports people, as we haven’t got that information.
  2. We can’t deduce that all famous people are fit and healthy, because the fact is about famous sports people.
  3. This is the logical answer.
  4. This information is not given; all footballers are fit and healthy but we can’t logically link that all fit and healthy people are footballers.
  5. This is obviously incorrect, as gender is not mentioned at all in the question.

deductive reasoning

Example Question 2

Gender Manager Office Warehouse Total
Male 7 4 15 26
Female 2 20 4 26
Total 9 24 19 52

Given the information in the table, is the following statement correct?

There are more men in the warehouse than women.

  1. True
  2. False
  3. Cannot be concluded

According to the data, the answer is 1. There are more men in the warehouse than women.

Example Question 3

In our Sixth Form this year, 94% of students achieved A* to C grades. Last year, 95% of students achieved A* to C grades. The school has said that its new approach to mentoring students has had a brilliant impact on student performance.

Based on the information above, which of the following statements are true?

  1. Next year, student performance will be less than this year.
  2. All students taking A-Levels achieved A* to C
  3. Before last year, no students achieved A* to C
  4. Before last year, less than 94% of students achieved A* to C
  5. Every school has seen a rise in student performance.

With the given information, the only logical conclusion is 4.

  1. The student performance is increasing, so this cannot be correct given the facts.
  2. In this school 6% of students did not achieve A* to C.
  3. We do not have the data to make that deduction.
  4. We know that student performance has increased, so the year before last must have seen results below 94%.
  5. We do not have the information to deduce performance in other schools.
I’ve practiced hundreds of numerical questions and still have plenty more to try.
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Deductive Reasoning Tests Tips

1The facts given are true

Don’t worry if the facts you are given cannot be verified; you are dealing with them as if they are. In the first example above, not all footballers are fit and healthy, and not all famous sports people are footballers.

If you worry about the truth of the statements, you risk bringing your own knowledge into the equation – and that could make it more difficult to logically find the answer.

2Simplify

As mentioned before, taking the given information and simplifying it can make it much easier for you to make the logical deductions needed.

Ignore any ‘waffle’ and try to keep the facts in order – even if they are presented oddly. In the same way, do not try and overcomplicate things.

3The answer is in the question

If at any point in the test you find yourself guessing or trying to reach an answer, it is probably wrong. There is only one right answer, and if you follow the logic in the question, it should be the only one you can reach.

As an addition to this, making an educated guess is better than leaving the question unanswered; remember this is a timed test.

4Elimination

To help you get the right answer quickly, you might find it useful by eliminating the more obvious wrong answers first. This can clarify the situation, making it easier to choose the right answer.

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Reviews of our Deductive Reasoning tests

What our customers say about our Deductive Reasoning tests

  • India

    January 30, 2023

    Overall good

    Although i found some questions whose options were kinda similar, but its a great way of practicing if you're participating in a competitive exam!

  • Czechia

    November 03, 2022

    It's fun to try

    I like how it started as really easy, got hard but still stayed quite easy, exactly what I want from the first test.

  • United States of America

    August 16, 2022

    Fun and engaging

    These tests are always a great way to exercise your brain. They provide ways to look at problems from different angles which strengthens cognitive reasoning through exposure to new and diverse ways of thinking.

  • Ukraine

    June 02, 2022

    The test was given to me by my English teacher

    Interesting test, but still I can't have an idea how it can help me to increase my business English.

  • India

    May 26, 2022

    Analytical skills

    This test is very engaging and the problems are interesting. There is no wordy language and the questions are concise and precise.

  • Ghana

    May 19, 2022

    It’s mind-broadening

    The necessary thought process that has to be attached when answering… can’t be on a face value… it’s great

  • Australia

    May 04, 2022

    Pay attention and keep calm

    I enjoyed doing my first test ever, and one of the things I learned is how to keep calm and attend to the question and details of shapes.

  • India

    April 13, 2022

    Confusing and not easy

    It's all about sequencing and shapes...which I didn't like..this is my first time taking this kind of test

  • Nigeria

    March 25, 2022

    Thinking deeply

    It's actually fascinating but one will have to think deeply. I abhor nothing in the test; rather I love the logicality.

  • United Kingdom

    February 11, 2022

    Interesting

    I liked how the test progressively became more challenging. Really struggled with the later questions.