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deductive reasoning tests

Deductive Reasoning Tests

  • 10 questions
deductive reasoning tests

A deductive reasoning test assesses your ability to use given information and make logical deductions. The test is not based on any previous knowledge or skills, and is usually presented as a number of word problems with multiple-choice answers.

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Deductive reasoning test formats & example questions

Knowing and understanding the format of the deductive reasoning test will make it less daunting when you have to take one in a job application situation.

The examples below demonstrate some of the deductive reasoning question types you might come across when you are taking a test.

Example Question 1

All footballers are fit and healthy.

All famous sports players are footballers.

Given that the above is true, which of the following is the logical deduction?

  1. All footballers are famous sports people
  2. All famous people are fit and healthy
  3. All famous sports players are fit and healthy
  4. All fit and healthy people are footballers
  5. All football players are men

Using deductive reasoning, the only logical answer is 3. To get to this answer, you need to simplify the given facts. All famous sports players are footballers, and all footballers are fit and healthy.

  1. We can’t deduce that all footballers are famous sports people, as we haven’t got that information.
  2. We can’t deduce that all famous people are fit and healthy, because the fact is about famous sports people.
  3. This is the logical answer.
  4. This information is not given; all footballers are fit and healthy but we can’t logically link that all fit and healthy people are footballers.
  5. This is obviously incorrect, as gender is not mentioned at all in the question.

deductive reasoning

Example Question 2

Gender Manager Office Warehouse Total
Male 7 4 15 26
Female 2 20 4 26
Total 9 24 19 52

Given the information in the table, is the following statement correct?

There are more men in the warehouse than women.

  1. True
  2. False
  3. Cannot be concluded

According to the data, the answer is 1. There are more men in the warehouse than women.

Example Question 3

In our Sixth Form this year, 94% of students achieved A* to C grades. Last year, 95% of students achieved A* to C grades. The school has said that its new approach to mentoring students has had a brilliant impact on student performance.

Based on the information above, which of the following statements are true?

  1. Next year, student performance will be less than this year.
  2. All students taking A-Levels achieved A* to C
  3. Before last year, no students achieved A* to C
  4. Before last year, less than 94% of students achieved A* to C
  5. Every school has seen a rise in student performance.

With the given information, the only logical conclusion is 4.

  1. The student performance is increasing, so this cannot be correct given the facts.
  2. In this school 6% of students did not achieve A* to C.
  3. We do not have the data to make that deduction.
  4. We know that student performance has increased, so the year before last must have seen results below 94%.
  5. We do not have the information to deduce performance in other schools.
I’ve practiced hundreds of numerical questions and still have plenty more to try.
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Deductive Reasoning Tests Tips

1The facts given are true

Don’t worry if the facts you are given cannot be verified; you are dealing with them as if they are. In the first example above, not all footballers are fit and healthy, and not all famous sports people are footballers.

If you worry about the truth of the statements, you risk bringing your own knowledge into the equation – and that could make it more difficult to logically find the answer.

2Simplify

As mentioned before, taking the given information and simplifying it can make it much easier for you to make the logical deductions needed.

Ignore any ‘waffle’ and try to keep the facts in order – even if they are presented oddly. In the same way, do not try and overcomplicate things.

3The answer is in the question

If at any point in the test you find yourself guessing or trying to reach an answer, it is probably wrong. There is only one right answer, and if you follow the logic in the question, it should be the only one you can reach.

As an addition to this, making an educated guess is better than leaving the question unanswered; remember this is a timed test.

4Elimination

To help you get the right answer quickly, you might find it useful by eliminating the more obvious wrong answers first. This can clarify the situation, making it easier to choose the right answer.

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Reviews of our Deductive Reasoning tests

What our customers say about our Deductive Reasoning tests

  • India

    February 24, 2021

    Pretty good

    Enough time, good questions, and not too long or tiring, it was pretty perfect

  • United States of America

    February 23, 2021

    More word problems we need

    I don’t like how many shapes there are.

  • United Kingdom

    February 23, 2021

    Weird letter question

    Disliked question 10 because it didn't seem to have any logical answer.

  • Ghana

    February 19, 2021

    Somehow technical

    I like how it demands critical thinking.

  • United Kingdom

    February 18, 2021

    Count and look for symmetry

    The practice where you can see the answer solutions as you go is really helpful to increasing understanding.

  • United Kingdom

    February 17, 2021

    Very helpful

    I found this test really helpful for preparing for deductive reasoning assessments

  • United States of America

    February 17, 2021

    Understanding what comes next logically

    The test was very challenging; I liked it.

  • Portugal

    February 16, 2021

    All the differences and the patterns

    Good design, everything fine so in general I appreciate the test.

  • Kenya

    February 16, 2021

    Challenging

    Would like to take more of these to sharpen my skills.

  • Canada

    February 12, 2021

    Shape and pattern recognition

    First question is not clear enough and depends largely on additional questioning and context to infer an actual answer.