Psychometric tests are a popular pre-hiring tool used in the evaluation of potential employees. They help measure intelligence, personality, and other traits.
There are many different psychometric tests, and they vary in their reliability and validity.
Below is a list of the 10 most common psychometric tests applicants might take during the early stages of recruitment:
1. Numerical Reasoning
Numerical reasoning tests are used when assessing potential employees for jobs that require mathematical skills.
The tests come in a variety of formats and structures, but all assess how well a person can understand and work with numerical information.
They are often used in conjunction with other assessments, such as verbal reasoning tests, to get a more complete picture of a person’s abilities.
2. The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)
The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) is a personality assessment tool that was created by Katharine Cook Briggs and her daughter Isabel Briggs Myers in the 1940s.
The purpose of the MBTI is to measure psychological preferences in how people perceive the world and make decisions.
There are 16 different MBTI personality types, which are determined by four dichotomies: introversion/extroversion, sensing/intuition, thinking/feeling, and judging/perceiving.
The MBTI is used by employers to help them understand their candidates’ personalities, as it can suggest occupations that may be a good fit for someone’s personality type.
3. Verbal Reasoning
Verbal reasoning tests are one of the most important tools for measuring cognitive ability. They assess an individual’s ability to understand and analyze written information.
The format and structure of these tests can vary, but they typically involve reading passages of text and answering questions about them.
Verbal reasoning tests are important because they measure a critical skill that is required for success in many areas of life.
4. Mechanical Reasoning
Mechanical reasoning tests are used by employers to assess an applicant’s ability to understand and solve problems related to machinery.
The tests can take a variety of formats, but all require test-takers to demonstrate their understanding of how machines work.
They are typically used for positions in the engineering and technical fields. The tests usually have a structure that includes a series of questions or problems that must be solved.
5. Spatial Reasoning
Spatial reasoning tests are important for determining an individual’s spatial awareness. They assess an individual’s ability to understand and mentally manipulate spatial information.
The format of these tests can vary, but they usually have a structure that requires the test-taker to identify spatial relationships and solve problems.
6. Abstract Reasoning
Abstract reasoning tests are important because they assess a person’s ability to think logically and analytically.
The format of these tests is usually a series of diagrams with one or more missing pieces, with the test-taker asked to identify the correct relationships between the objects in the diagram.
Most tests include multiple-choice, fill-in-the-blank, and completion questions.
7. Cognitive Ability
Cognitive ability tests is a type of intelligence test that measures a person’s intellectual abilities. These tests are designed to measure the ability to think abstractly, reason logically, and solve problems.
The cognitive ability test covers a range of aptitude skills such as mechanical reasoning and spatial awareness – which can be used to assess overall intelligence.
8. Situational Judgement
Situational judgement tests (SJTs) assess an individual’s ability to think on their feet and make decisions in ambiguous or difficult situations. They typically present a scenario and ask the candidate to choose the best and worst course of action.
SJTs are important for selecting employees, as they can assess an individual’s ability to make decisions under pressure.
9. Logical Reasoning
Logical reasoning tests are used to assess an individual’s ability to think logically and critically. They involve identifying the logical flaw in a given argument.
They are important for jobs that require critical thinking skills, such as management or law.
10. Analytical Reasoning
Employers use analytical reasoning tests to measure a candidate’s ability to understand complex information and to identify relationships between different pieces of information.
The tests come in many formats, but all are designed to measure a person’s ability to think critically.
The most important thing to remember when taking an analytical reasoning test is that there is no one right answer. The goal is to arrive at the best solution possible, using your own logic and reasoning.