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spatial reasoning tests

Spatial Reasoning Tests

  • 10 tests
  • 100 questions
spatial reasoning tests

Spatial reasoning tests assess your ability to think about objects in both two and three dimensions, and draw conclusions to those objects from limited information.

What is a spatial reasoning test?

Spatial reasoning concerns your ability to think about objects in both two and three dimensions, and visualise movement of those objects or deduce patterns between them. These non-verbal aptitude tests, also known as spatial awareness tests, often involve rotation or disassembly of images.


Spatial reasoning tests prove helpful in assessing a candidate’s capacity to interpret two and three-dimensional shapes. The employer will judge your ability to identify patterns or relationships between these shapes.

These tests allow you to visualise two and three-dimensional images in your mind, and mentally manipulate these images into the shape that you want.

The tests are frequently used by employers to evaluate technical and engineering job seekers and are largely conducted in technology sectors and in the military.

What are the types of spatial reasoning tests?

Every spatial reasoning test will contain a variety of different questions, all designed to test your ability to visualise and manipulate images in their 2D and 3D forms.

Have a read through these common types of questions and try a few out for yourself. It’s a great way to familiarise yourself with what you’ll need to know how to do, before taking a full mock test.

Shape matching

The shape matching or visual comparison questions will require you to examine two groups of different shapes in different layouts and rotations, before matching those that are the same.

It’s essentially a game of ‘pairs’ played at high speed, and it shows how comfortable you are with visualising two-dimensional objects.

A key thing to watch out for is reflected images, which are incorrect and often put in the test to make it extra challenging.

Check out our short video on similar shapes questions:

shape matching

Group rotation

Mentally rotating shapes is one of the things you’ll need to demonstrate an aptitude for in the spatial reasoning test, either in two or three dimensions.

You’ll be shown a shape, and then lots of possible alternative views of the same shape — your job is to select the correct one.

Often the shapes will have an identifying marker such as a dot or square; the placement of the marker is important as it ultimately determines which answer is correct.

Check out our short video on rotated view questions:

rotated views

Cube views

You’ll be presented with three different views of a three-dimensional cube, with shapes or symbols on each face. You’ll then be asked questions about the symbols on the faces, to assess how capable you are at visualising shapes from all angles.

Check out our short video on unfolding shapes questions:

cube views

Mirror images

Just as it sounds, these questions require you to find the mirror image of the two- or three-dimensional shape you’re presented with.

If you find these questions tricky, it’s often possible to use logic to discount several possible answers quickly, leaving you with fewer potential correct answers.

Check out our short video on mirror image questions:

mirror images

Combining two-dimensional shapes

In this type of question you’ll be shown lots of 2D shapes, one of which has been cut up into pieces. You’ll be asked to look at the pieces and then work out which shape the pieces fit together to make.

Block counting

You’ll see a series of cubes made from blocks (but you won’t be able to see all of the blocks). The challenge is to work out how many blocks have been used to make the shape.

You’ll need to count blocks you cannot see, which is another means of testing your ability to visualise and mentally manipulate shapes.


Designed to assess your ability to take instructions and follow a map, these questions usually take the form of a two dimensional map or plan which you’ll be asked to navigate.

If you have a good sense of direction you may not find these questions challenging, but the trick here is to be accurate even under tight time pressure.

How to develop your spatial reasoning skills

Acing the spatial reasoning test always comes down to how well you’ve practised and prepared.

First, have a go at some practice tests. This is the best way to familiarise yourself with the question formats, the skills you’re being tested on and the speed at which you need to work.

Once you’ve had an initial go, make sure you do the rest of the tests in exam-style conditions to get used to working against the clock and in silence.

Once you’ve finished a test, go back through your answers and see how you’ve done. It’s important to give yourself credit for any correct answers, but it’s even more important to identify your weak spots.

For example, if you struggle with mirror images and don’t tend to get these questions right, you should dedicate extra time to working on them. You could also find alternative ways to get better at the questions, such as drawing shapes with a physical mirror to boost your ability to visualise reflections.

As well as improving your understanding, speed and accuracy, practising mock tests also helps to instil confidence that can be very useful if you’re feeling a little nervous on the day.

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How are spatial reasoning tests scored?

Spatial reasoning tests consist of various questions related to dimensional thinking. The number of correct answers will form your score. After that, your results may be compared to the results of other test-takers or the normative group.

What are spatial reasoning tests used for?

Spatial reasoning tests are used for assessing a person’s ability to think about objects in different dimensions. The set of questions will evaluate how well you can use your imagination and reasoning to make conclusions about these objects.

What do spatial reasoning tests involve?

Spatial reasoning tests involve inquiries based on objects pictured in 2 or 3 dimensions. You will have to mentally process these images to figure out the answer. Such questions might include mirror images, perspective-related pictures, two-dimensional shapes and cubes.

What do spatial reasoning tests measure?

Spatial reasoning tests measure your multi-dimensional thinking. You will receive pictures of some objects and will have to process them in your mind to get an answer to the question. Your performance in this test will indicate how well you process objects in space.

Where can I practice spatial reasoning tests?

Practicing is the best way to achieve the highest results in spatial reasoning tests. Our website provides hundreds of spatial reasoning questions for you to practice. Tips and guides will help you train your brain to work with the spatial processing of objects.

Which employers use spatial reasoning tests?

Spatial reasoning tests assess your ability to think about objects in different dimensions. Such skills are considered to be crucial for technical roles. Therefore, if you are applying to be an engineer or an architect you might be expected to pass these tests.


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Spatial Reasoning Tests Tips

1Do your research

Every spatial reasoning test is different. Find out as much information beforehand, such as who the test provider is, how long the test is and whether it’s an online or offline test. Once you know all of this, you’ll be able to practice accordingly.

2Find alternative ways to prepare

Practice doesn’t have to be limited to working through old tests: try alternative ways to improve your spatial awareness. Whether it’s looking at 3D models, trying your hand at some non-verbal reasoning tests or abstract reasoning tests, using mirrors to draw reflections or assembling models from flat plans, you can make the activities fun while honing skills for your spatial reasoning test.

3Consider pen and paper

Remember to bring a pen and paper along with you to the test (check this is allowed). It can really help you to visualise answers and solve challenges both in practice and on the day.

4Think logically

It’s important not to panic, even if you can’t work out an answer. The spatial reasoning test is multiple-choice, so you can usually rule out a few options as definite ‘nos’. Then, try to apply logic to make a judgement call between any remaining options. Remember, if you have time at the end you can always come back to any tricky questions.

5Put the practice in

It goes without saying, but practice really is the best way to prepare for any aptitude test. When you do mock tests and practice spatial questions, try to recreate exam conditions so you get used to working against the clock with no external help.

6Identify your strong and weak areas

Better not to practice those spatial reasoning questions you find easy. Instead, try to concentrate only on those questions you may find difficult to answer. Work on your grey areas.

7Don't cheat

Many employers use verification tests to validate your previous test results. Publishers use special software which compares your answer patterns and performance between the online and subsequent supervised test.

Spatial Reasoning Video Tutorials

Unfolded Shapes

1 min

Similar Shapes

1 min

Rotated Views

1 min

Mirror Images

2 mins

Input Type

2 mins


2 mins

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