Step 1: Add or subtract the numerators

If the denominators of the fractions are the same, add or subtract the numerators right away.

Step 2: Simplify the fractions

Cancel out common factors to simplify the fractions.

Examples on calculating fractions with same denominators

**Q1) Perform the indicated operations below. **

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Since the denominators are the same, we can subtract the numerators directly.

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Once the numerators are subtracted, see if we can cancel any common factors shared by the numerator and denominator and simplify the difference.

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