Step 1: Add or subtract the numerators

If the denominators of the fractions are the same, add or subtract the numerators right away.

Step 2: Simplify the fractions

Cancel out common factors to simplify the fractions.

Examples on calculating fractions with same denominators

**Q1) Perform the indicated operations below. **


Since the denominators are the same, we can subtract the numerators directly.


Once the numerators are subtracted, see if we can cancel any common factors shared by the numerator and denominator and simplify the difference.